C  STTS

      - 㳿

| Staff | Address | Structure | Conference | Herald | Archive | Announcement |


Herald

of L'viv Polytechnic National University

"Problems of Ukrainian Terminology"

 869


Germanovych G. Medical terms with psych(o)- somatic components in modern Ukrainian language //  Website of TC STTS: Herald of L'viv Polynechnic National University "Problems of Ukrainian Terminology". 2017. # 869.


 

Galyna Germanovych

Ivan Franko National University of L'viv

 

MEDICAL TERMS WITH PSYCH(O)- SOMATIC COMPONENTS IN MODERN UKRAINIAN LANGUAGE

 

Germanovych H. O., 2017

 

Ukrainian medical terms-composites with international components psych(o)- have been studied in the article. The problem of their interchange has been brought up. Their productivity and word formation mobility have been defined. The outlook of the research is that the terms with somatic components need further studying concerning determination of their productivity and mobility.

Keywords: Ukrainian, medical terms-composites, lexico-semantic groups, paradigmatic relations, productivity.

 

The issue of the medical terminology as a part of the Ukrainian lexis is rather wide. Formation and usage of medical terms were and are still actual now, because most of them are borrowed, usually come from the Latin and Greek languages.

At the end of the 20th and at the beginning of the 21st centuries borrowed components in the Ukrainian linguistics were studied by V. V. Akulenko, E. A Karpilovska, N. F. Klimenko, N. S.Kobzar, IM. Kochan, O. A.Styshov, O. D.Ponomariv and others. The Ukrainian medical terminology was described in details by Y. O. Brazhuk, O. M. Victorina, N. O. Hymer, G. V. Dydyk-Meush, MB.Dmitruk, GO. Zolotukhin, IM. Ivanenko, VV. Kalko, TV. Lepekha, NP. Litvinenko, TO. Lukovenko, NP. Misnyk, LO. Pyrig, DY. Syzonov, LO. Symonenko, OS. Stryzhakovska, TG. Faychuk, N. Z. Cisar and others.

The basis for professional language of a medical worker is a use of professional terms of a high level of standardization. Thus, analysing vocabulary of professional speech of a medical worker, it was determined that the greatest part of it is terminological lexis, and Ukrainian components have not been discovered yet by scientists. Medical lexis is one of the oldest term systems. It was formed both on the world and own language basis. Development and improvement of medical terminology can be traced throughout scientific papers, professional textbooks, and medical dictionaries.

The aim of the article is to compare Ukrainian medical terms with international components psych(o)- according to semantic groups and paradigmatic relations; to identify their word formation mobility in the modern Ukrainian literary language. The object of research medical terms with somatic components. The subject of research their lexical and semantic features, peculiarities of terms with borrowed and national components. The material was taken from: Dorland Illustrated Medical Dictionary (2007), Ukrainian-Latin-English Explanatory Dictionary edited by M. Pavlovskyj, L. Petruh, I. Holovko (1995), Explanatory Dictionary of Medical Terms edited by N. Lytvynenko, N. Misnyk(2010), New Dictionary of Foreign Words edited by L. Shevchenko, O. Niky, O. Khomyak, A. Demyanyuk (2008) and Dictionary of Borrowed Words by P. Shtep (1977).

Words of the somatic components psych(o)- indicate: processes; feelings, names of diseases; belonging to the head or psychics; their diseases or effect on them, people by profession, people; names of science, divisions, branches, researches; names of devices, agents; cells, classes.

The terms studied correspond to these features because they are relevant to the concepts they indicate; also they are included into medical terminology, have clear definitions in the dictionary, they are stylistically neutral, but some of them do not meet monosemy (polysemy of such lexical terms is given) and synonymy (synonyms are given both for words of foreign origin and their Ukrainian equivalents). This can be explained by the fact that these requirements are rather desirable than real. Polysemy shows the development of word-term, but over time one of the definitions can get a new nomination.

Components psych(o)- cannot be combined directly with Ukrainian word stems and roots. Most components are the ones of foreign origin with particular lexical meaning, which is preserved wholly or partly in the derivative words.

From the end of the 20th century till now the intensive studying of the medical terminology has been observed because it is one of the biggest terminological systems. Medicine does not stay still, new methods of diagnosing diseases; alternative methods of treatment appear, so a need in formation of new terms arises as well as the unification of their grammatical structure does. Medical terminology is a common deal for both medical workers and linguists. Lets work on creating a generalized medical nomenclature.

 

1. Brazhuk Iu. B. Naturomorfna metafora v medychnii terminolohii (na materiali latynsko-movnykh anatomichnykh terminiv) [Tekst] : avtoref. dys. ... kand. filol. nauk : 10.02.14 / Brazhuk Yuliia Borysivna ; Kyiv. nats. un-t im. Tarasa Shevchenka, In-t filolohii. K., 2015. 17 s. 2. Kochan I. M. Ukrainska naukova leksyka: mizhnarodni komponenty v terminolohii : navch. pos. / I. M. Kochan. K. : Znannia, 2013. 294 s. 3. Kochan I. M. Terminy z mizhnarodnymy somatychnymy komponentamy v suchasnii ukrainskii movi // Mova. Kultura. Vzaiemorozuminnia : zb. nauk. pr. Drohobych, 2012. Vyp. II. 300 s. 4. Lytvynenko N. P., Misnyk N. V. Tlumachnyi slovnyk medychnykh terminiv: ros., lat. ta ukr. movamy: dlia likariv, naukovtsiv, stud. med. navch. zakl. K. ; Irpin : VTF Perun, 2010. 848 s. 5. Lukovenko T. O. Ukrainska homeopatychna leksyka [Tekst] : avtoref. dys. ... kand. filol. nauk : 10.02.01 / Lukovenko Tetiana Oleksandrivna ; Donets. nats. un-t. Donetsk, 2011. 18 s. 6. Novyi slovnyk inshomovnykh sliv / L. I. Shevchenko, O. I. Nika, O. I. Khomiak, A. A. Demianiuk ; Za red. L. I. Shevchenko, K. : ARII, 2008. 672 s. 7. Syzonov D. Iu. Linhvoprahmatychnyi potentsial ukrainskoi medychnoi terminolohii u ZMI : avtoref. dys. ... kand. filol. nauk : 10.02.01 / D. Iu. Syzonov; Kyiv. nats. un-t im. T. Shevchenka. K., 2012. 19 c. 8. Stryzhakovska O. S. Nazvy khvorob u bukovynskykh hovirkakh: avtoref. dys. ... kand. filol. nauk : 10.02.01 / O. S. Stryzhakovska ; DVNZ Prykarpat. nats. un-t im. V. Stefanyka. Ivano-Frankivsk, 2011. 20 s. 9. Ukrainsko-anhliiskyi iliustrovanyi medychnyi slovnyk Dorlanda (pereklad 30-ho, amerykanskoho vydannia) : U 2-kh t. L. : NAUTILUS, 2007. T. 1. 1248 s. ; T. 2. 1024 s. 10. Ukrainsko-latynsko-anhliiskyi medychnyi tlumachnyi slovnyk / Za red. L. Petrukh ta M. Pavlovskoho : U 2-kh t. L. : Vyd. spilka Slovnyk Lviv. med. un-tu, 1995. T. 1. 651 s. ; T. 2 786 s. 10. Ukrainsko-latynsko-anhliiskyi medychnyi tlumachnyi slovnyk / Za red. L. Petrukh ta M. Pavlovskoho : U 2-kh t. L. : Vyd. spilka Slovnyk Lviv. med. un-tu, 1995. T. 1. 651 s. ; T. 2 786 s. 11. Shtepa P. Slovnyk chuzhosliv / Pavlo Shtepa. Toronto : Vyd. I. Hladun i syny, 1977. 452 s.

 

 

    - 㳿