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Herald

of L'viv Polytechnic National University

"Problems of Ukrainian Terminology"

 869


Petrova T. Ways of forming modern Ukrainian phytomeliorative terminology: terminolization of general use vocabulary and reterminolization of vocabulary in other sciences //  Website of TC STTS: Herald of L'viv Polynechnic National University "Problems of Ukrainian Terminology". 2017. # 869.


 

Tetiana Petrova

Kharkiv National Agrarian University named after V. V. Dokuchayev

 

ways of forming modern Ukrainian phytomeliorative terminology: terminolization of generally used vocabulary and reterminolization of vocabulary in other sciences

 

Petrova T. O., 2017

 

In the article the important ways to form modern Ukrainian phytomeliorative terminology have been researched. The peculiarities of terminologization in the meaning of autochthonic words of general use has been analysed. It has been found out that during the process of reterminolization some insignificant change of initial meaning of term units in other branches takes place. It has been ascertained that phytomeliorative terminology is formed mainly both by reterminolization of terms in other sciences and use of general scientific units, and less by terminolization of general use vocabulary.

Keywords: Ukrainian language, term, terminolization, reterminolization, phytomeliorative terminology, word of general use, general science term, terms of other branches.

 

The article studies the important ways of forming modern Ukrainian phytomeliorative terminology terminolization of generally used vocabulary nd reterminolization of special vocabulary of other sciences. The sources of forming the analysed terminology are the authentic and foreign vocabularies.

The peculiarities of meaning modification of generally used authentic language units in the process of their terminolization have been analysed. The process deals with the notional terminological specialization of initial meaning of a language unit. As a result it acquires term attributes and corresponds to its demands. More over it takes its place in the phytomeliorative term system, creates certain relations with its other parts. Specialization as defining differentiative attribute of such a term formation variety means formation of scientific notion without metaphoric and metonymic reinterpretation of initial general language meaning of the word. It has been established that generally used authentic vocabulary as a language method of scientific world cognition is terminolized and means a wide range of scientific notions in phytomeliorative terminology. Ten semantic groups of term have been distinguished: 1) names of actions and states (, ); 2) names of plants and their parts (, ); 3) names of natural phenomena (, ); 4) names of place and space (, ); 5) names of land plots, covered with trees and bushes (, ); 6) names of water objects and their parts (, ); 7) names of substances, materials (, ); 8) names of highland areas (, ); 9) names of subjects and objects capacities (, ); 10) names of soil types (, ), etc.

It has been discovered that reterminolization is a diverse, prospective and powerful way to form the analysed terminology. It has been observed that in process of reterminolization some changes of meaning concerning the addition of phytomeliorative meaning to special units of other branches occur. By means of reterminolization of different branches units the phytomeliorative term system is enriched with both authentic and foreign terms: first of all those beloning to agrochemistry, biochemistry (, ); biology, biocenology, botany (, , , , , ), soil science, farming, forestry, plant growing and horticulture (, , , , , , ). The reterminolized units form the conceptual core of phytomelioration. It has been defined that terms-words, terms-word-combinations and components of term-combinations are borrowed from the language of donor branches. to form analytical and synthetical phytomeliorative terms which belong to different term semantic groups.

It has been discovered that the phytomeliorative branch terminology is replenished with general scientific nominations special units which are not fixed in any scientific term system and are used in almost all branch terminologies, which concretize their meaning within the analysed term system.

It has been ascertained that the important source languages of general scientific terms are Latin , , , , , , , ) and Greek (, , , , , ).  It is caused by the unity between theoretical base of phytomelioration, biology and botany which were favoured in development by these languages. The mentioned units form a part of phytomeliorative terminology and become the components of branch analytical terms ( , , , ). It has been discovered that only the remote area of phytomeliorative term system is enriched by means of general scientific terms addition. Phytomeliorative terminology is formed mostly by reterminolozation of terms from other sciences and use of general scientific units, and less by terminolozation in authentic vocabulary of general use.

 

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